In Rwanda this bird is known as Inkware, but takes on other names across the African continent. In English it is called ‘Quail’ bird?
Without wasting much of your time, the meat and eggs of quail are very tasty and nutritious. The Quail eggs are very nutritious than other poultry eggs. To meet the demand for Food and Nutrition, Quail farming is playing a vital role. You don’t even require much capital investment for this.
Quail Farming is one of the silent poultry businesses that farmers involved are making large sums of income and you will be shocked if you also tried it out. Here is some of the vital information gathered for you to get started.
How Long Does It take to get the returns?
Quail generally survive for 3 to 4 years. An adult quail weights between 150 to 200 grams. Female quails start laying eggs from their 6 to 7 weeks of age. Each egg weights between 7 to 15 grams. They lay more than 300 eggs per year. Their eggs are very beautiful. Presence of light increases the egg productive efficiency of quails. They usually lay eggs at afternoon. It takes about 17 days to hatch their eggs.
A newly born quail chick weights around 6 to 7 grams. Quail never incubate their eggs. For successful breeding, purpose keeps one male quail with every five female quails. Quail chicks become very sensitive and take about two weeks to be strong enough. Eggs of 9 to 11 grams weight with smooth and hard eggshell are perfect for hatching and producing chicks.
Presence of adequate light is highly recommended for desired egg production from your quails. You can provide artificial light and heat by using electric bulb or heater. You can use 40 to 100 watt bulb for this purpose. Demand of light and heat varies depending on the season. If you want successful breeding and want to hatch their eggs, then keep one male with every five female quails. For getting better egg production, select highly productive breeds and always keep their house dry and clean.
Egg production also depends on temperature, feeding, water, care and management. To get desired egg production from your quails, light play a vital role. Lightening period of laying quails is shown below through a chart.
Raising Quail Chicks
Quails never incubate their eggs. So, you can produce chicks by hatching their eggs through chickens or artificially through using incubators. The incubation period for quail egg is about 16 to 18 days. For maximum egg production, 16 hours of a lighting period is required daily inside the quail house. Keep newly born quail chicks in a brooder house.
Chicks need artificial heat and temperature management system for 14 to 21 days from their birth. Quail chicks become very sensitive. They can be raised in both litter and battery system. Keep in mind the following factors while raising quail chicks.
Adequate temperature, Sufficient light, Proper air movement , Density of quail chicks , Supply of food and water, Hygienic rearing rules.
Advantages of Quail Farming
Quails are smaller sized poultry birds, and it’s very easy to handle them. The main benefits of starting quail farming business are listed below.
- Quails are smaller sized bird, so they can be raised within small place.
- Feeding cost of quails is comparatively lower than chickens or other poultry birds.
- Diseases are less in quails, and they are very hardy.
- Quails grow very fast and gain maturity faster than any other poultry birds.
- They start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age.
- It takes about 16 to 18 days to hatch their eggs.
- Meat and eggs of quail are very tasty, delicious and nutritious. So it’s a great source of food and nutrition.
- Quail farming needs small capital, and labour cost is very low.
- Quails can be raised successfully in commercial method. Some people have already started commercial quail farming business.
- Quails are very strong bird and diseases or other health problems are less. So risks are less in this business.
- You can raise 6 to 7 quails in the same place that is required for one chicken.
- As the quail eggs are smaller in size, so the price is also lower than other bird’s egg. As a result, all types of people can buy quail eggs and you can easily sell the eggs.
For keeping your quails healthy, proper growing and highly productive, provide them balance feed regularly. An adult quail consumes about 20 to 25 grams of food daily. Chick feed should contain 27 percent and adult feed 22-24 percent of protein. A chart of balanced feed for quails is shown below.
Diseases are less in quails, compared to other poultry birds. But you have to take good care and manage them properly, to keep them free from all types of diseases or illness. Good care and management is a must for profitable quail farming business.
Generally, they are not provided with any disease preventive vaccines. Quail chicks can’t tolerate weather change and sudden temperature change. So they get affected by the disease if they experience sudden temperature or weather changes. Be very careful during this period. Following diseases are very harmful to the quails.
- Coccidiosis: If the quails get affected by coccidiosis disease, serve them coaxial 20 by mixing with water (two grams per litter) for three days. Otherwise, feed this according to the advice of a veterinarian.
- Ulcerative Enteritis: Mix one gram streptomycin with one liter water and serve it to the quails for three days. This will stop ulcerative enteritis disease.
Hygienic Quail Farming Tips
To keep your quails healthy and productive: Always try to keep their house dry and clean.
- Ensure proper movement of light and air inside their house.
- Keep different aged quails separated from each other.
- Separate the disease affected quails from the healthy one.
- Burn the dead bird or put under soil.
- Don’t allow other birds, animals or unknown persons enter inside your farm quail house.
- Ensure hygienic and balanced feed supply.
- Provide adequate fresh and clean water according to their demand.
compiled from farming method