Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has released new data indicating that inflation rate in Africa’s largest economy climbed to a near 17-year high in July, attributed to bread, cereal, gas, and transport costs.
NBS release of the consumer price index (CPI), which measures the rate of change in prices of goods and services, showed a surge to 19.64% in July 2022, from 18.6% in the previous month. The rate is the highest recorded since September 2005.
The figure is also 2.27% points higher compared to the rate recorded in July 2021, which was 17.38%.
The report indicated that headline inflation rate increased in July 2022 compared to the same month in the previous year (July 2022).
Cost pressures are being fanned by a high import bill caused by surging commodity prices, supply shortages and a slide in the naira which caused the Senate to summon Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) governor Godwin Emefiele.
The report disclosed that food inflation rose to 22.02% t in July, an uptick compared to 20.60 percent in June.
This rise in the food index was caused by increases in prices of bread and cereals, food products, potatoes, yam and other tubers, meat, fish, oil, and fat.
“On a month-on-month basis, the food inflation rate in July was 2.04%, this was a 0.01% insignificant decline compared to the rate recorded in June 2022 (2.05%),” the report adds.
“This decline is attributed to a reduction in the prices of some food items like tubers, maize, garri, and vegetables.”
A major increase was recorded in all classifications of individual consumption according to purpose (COICOP) divisions that yielded the headline index, the report showed “on a month-on-month basis, the Headline inflation rate in July 2022 was 1.817 %, which was 0.001% higher than the rate recorded in June 2022 (1.816 %).
“The percentage change in the average CPI for the twelve months period ending July 2022 over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 16.75%, showing a 0.46% increase compared to 16.30% recorded in July 2021.”
The report said Akwa Ibom, Ebonyi and Kogi states witnessed the highest prices while Jigawa, Kano and Borno recorded the slowest rise in inflation.
“In July 2022, all items’ inflation rate on a year-on-year basis was highest in Akwa Ibom (22.88%), Ebonyi (22.51%), Kogi (22.08%), while Jigawa (16.62%), Kaduna (17.04%) and Borno (18.04%) recorded the slowest rise in headline Year-on-Year inflation,” the report said.
“However, on a month-on-month basis, July 2022 recorded the highest increases in Adamawa (2.87%), Abuja (2.84%), Oyo (2.77%), while Bauchi (0.82%), Kano (0.83%) and Niger (1.03%) recorded the slowest rise on month-on-month inflation.”