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Mozambique At 46 Amidst Terrorism Challenge

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Security has been extremely tightened across major parts of the Mozambiquan capital Maputo as the country began celebrations for the 46th independence day.

In Mozambique, Independence Day, also known in Portuguese as Dia da Independência Nacional is celebrated every year on June 25 since the country received its independence in 1975.

However, critics argue that Mozambique government has to work hard to regain control of the country which is under threat from Islamist Jihadists.

The terrorists are currently controlling a vast part of Cabo Delgado and continue to wrecked havoc.

From 3 to 16 June a total of 13,000 internally displaced people were on the move in Cabo Delgado district. Of these movements, 85% (11,073) originated from Palma. Other main locations of origin include Macomia, Muidumbe, Nangade and Mocimboa da Praia. The main districts of arrival are Pemba, Mueda and Montepuez.

“Everything will be done so that the coming times are one of despair and agony for the terrorist groups that attack and kill innocent people in Mozambique”, said the President of the Republic, addressing the nation on Friday from Praça dos Heróis Moçambicanos, in the capital, where he laid a wreath on the 46th anniversary of the proclamation of national independence.

President Filipe Nyusi said his country is seeking the necessary support from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and other partners and friends, without compromising national sovereignty.

He said it is urgent to stop the outbreaks of violence that are also registered in the provinces of Sofala and Manica to allow citizens to fully enjoy independence.

On the occasion, he recalled that SADC met in an extraordinary session in Maputo city and approved the mandate of a joint force in a state of alert to support Mozambique in fighting terrorism in the province of Cabo Delgado.

He also recalled that the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) of armed men from Renamo is ongoing in the country, which he considered to be proceeding smoothly.

Despite this, he said, the destabilization in the central region of the country is concerned, led by the self-proclaimed Renamo Military Junta, and for that reason he appealed to its leader, Mariano Nhongo, and all his followers to reconcile with reason and adhere to this process .

Regarding the 46 years since the proclamation of national independence, Filipe Nyusi said that there are several achievements recorded during this period, highlighting areas such as Education, Health, Water and Sanitation, among others.

He referred that illiteracy, for example, rose from 93% in 1975 to 48% in 2015, and today it stands at 31%. “Because we want to eradicate illiteracy, since 2020 students up to 9th grade have been exempt from enrollment,” he added.

According to Nyusi, in 1975 higher education in the country was limited to just one institution, but currently the country has 56 establishments, 22 of which are public and 34 private.

In the area of ​​Health, Nyusi stated that the country inherited from the colonial government a very fragile health system, with only 559 health units to serve around 10 million inhabitants.

“We grew and reached 1535 health units in 2015, and today the country has 1739 health units, but because we are not satisfied we launched the initiative [One district, one district hospital] which by 2024 will allow the country to have 1779 health units” , he added.

In terms of medical personnel, in 1975 the country had only 171 physicians and currently has 2658 professionals. The number of nurses also grew, from 3070 in 1980 to 15,155 this year, which contributed to the reduction of infant mortality.

In the Water and Sanitation sector, President Nyusi recalled that in 1975 supply coverage was only six percent and in 2018 it was 55%, and the PRAVIDA1 program raised the supply capacity from 55% in 2018 to 64% in 2020.

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Politics

North Kivu Military Governor Sets Up Base In Beni

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In North Kivu, the Military Governor has established his base in Beni in the heart of the operational sector, according to meeting of the Council of Ministers held on Friday July 30 by videoconference.

With his headquarters installed in the region of Beni, Lt. Gen. Ndima Constant will easily coordinate and closely monitors the progress of military operations against armed groups active in Beni including the ADF rebels.

Lt. Gen. Ndima said that calm had returned to territories of Lubero, Masisi, Nyiragongo, Walikale as well as in the town of Butembo.”

According to the Military Governor, more rebels have reportedly surrendered to the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Addressing the question on the closure carried out by the security forces in the city of Goma on July 18, 2021 in the Bujovu district to reduce the circulation of arms and promote the return of peace, the head of the National Defense indicated that these these operations resulted in the arrest of 139 people, including ten soldiers from the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo and 9 foreign nationals made available to the migration service.

“66 of these 139 people were released and 73 others transferred to Munzenze prison. Weapons and ammunition were seized from some houses of the criminals, ” said Lt. Gen. Ndima.

In his speech, the Minister of National Defense and Veterans Affairs also signaled the completion in Goma of the construction site of 1,000 houses for the victims of Nyiragongo Volcanic eruption.

“They will soon be delivered to the beneficiaries,” he clarified.

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Burundi Government Withdraws Guards From Opposition CNL Deputies

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Members of Parliament aligned to the opposition National Congress for Liberty party in Burundi have expressed fear for their safety after government withdrew their bodyguards.

In the past days, local media has been leaking information that CNL deputies would soon lose their guards. For their safety, they will have to resort to guards offered by the police stations of their electoral districts.

“It’s in their constituencies that they are supposed to live,” said Désiré Nduwimana the Police Spokesman.

“The measure would concern all deputies. “We were told this at the start of our legislature,” one member of parliament was quoted by local media Iwacu on condition of anonymity.

A measure that worries deputies from the CNL party.

“This is not the measure that worries us. But rather its implementation in this period, ”a CNL Member of the National Assembly said.

Indeed, the measure comes at a time when members of the CNL party evoke “arbitrary arrests and forced disappearances of its supporters. ”

One of the fears of CNL deputies is to end up with “security agents who could be the source of their insecurity,” said this source.

“At the moment we have API agents to keep us safe, like ministers and other state officials. ”

Another CNL member said when we are from the CNL, “the worry is twofold, we do not know if we are going to choose our own security guards or if they are going to impose them on us.”

CNL party spokesman Thérence Manirambona says the safety of a people’s elected representative should be provided by someone he trusts.

“This should not be the privilege of members of the office of the National Assembly and a few members of the government,” he said.

Of the 126 members of the National Assembly, only 32 deputies come from the main opposition party, the CNL.

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Tanzania’s Main Opposition Party Chadema Leader Arrested

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Freeman Mbowe and 10 members of Tanzania’s main opposition party Chadema have been rounded up and locked behind bars pending serious charges.

According to details from Chadema social media accounts, the opposition leader and his cadres were rounded up in the dead of night in the northwestern port city of Mwanza.

Chadema was preparing to hold a planned conference to demand constitutional reforms on Wednesday.

“We condemn the repression of the rights of Tanzanians with the strongest force. These are signs that the dictatorship that existed during the rule of President John Magufuli continues,” the party charged.

“Freeman Mbowe was accosted by an army of police officers in his hotel when he arrived at 02:30 am and was arrested together with other leaders,” it said.

While the other Chadema members were taken to Mwanza police station, there was no information about Mbowe’s whereabouts.

“We want the police to come out and say where the chairman is and why he was arrested,” Chadema said.

The arrests come four months after President Samia Suluhu Hassan took office in March following the sudden death of her predecessor Magufuli.

There have been high hopes that Hassan would usher in a change from the autocratic rule of her predecessor, who was nicknamed the “Bulldozer” for his uncompromising leadership style.

The arrests took place after Mbowe vowed to go ahead with a meeting on constitutional reforms despite Mwanza provincial authorities banning public gatherings to contain the spread of coronavirus.

“We cannot continue with the old order,” Mbowe said in a video published on Twitter on Monday, dressed in a red shirt and beret.

“We have the right to meet but are arrested, beaten, accused and taken to court for two to three years and then freed.

“If they want to arrest all members of the Chadema party, let them first expand the jails because we are all ready to be arrested and will not request bail.”

In April, Hassan had reached out to the opposition and vowed to defend democracy and basic freedoms in the East African country, which had seen a slide into autocratic rule under her predecessor.

In November 2020, several top opposition leaders including Mbowe were briefly detained after calling for mass protests against what they charged was a rigged election that returned then president Magufuli to power for a second term.

The deeply Covid-sceptic Magufuli died in March of what the authorities said was a heart condition but his political opponents insisted he had coronavirus.

Tanzania was long seen as a haven of stability and democracy in an otherwise volatile neighbourhood, but alarm grew over Magufuli’s increasingly authoritarian rule.

Nationmedia

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