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Minister Nduhungirehe Trashes Balkanization Claims in DRC

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Rwanda has no intentions of weakening; fragmenting the Democratic Republic of Congo but this theory has again been revived in the ongoing political talk in neighbouring DRC.

For the past months, the Congolese people have reignited a public debate on how Rwanda has ulterior motives intended to balkanize DRC the vast mineral rich former Belgian colony.

Balkanization, is a geopolitical term for the process of fragmentation or division of a region or state into smaller regions or states that are often hostile or uncooperative with one another.

Olivier Nduhungirehe the Minister of State in Rwanda’s Foreign Affairs Ministry has punched in his fist into the debate saying, Balkanization of DRC is part of “conspiracy theories as old as ridiculous”.

“Congolese officials and diplomats in office refrain from endorsing and spreading, among the population, conspiracy theories as old as ridiculous. History teaches us that blowing on the embers of popular fear is dangerous,” the Minister said.

Nduhungirehe’s comments have attracted wide attention in the Congolese media and this has added more salt into the debate.

On January 4, 1959, ordinary Congolese stood in defiance of Belgian colonialism demanding independence.

The courageous stance by that generation of Congolese served as a key catalyst for Congo’s independence in 1960. Since the 1960s Congolese have celebrated and commemorated that generation’s actions and named the day “la journée des martyrs de l’indépendance,” or in English, independence Martyrs Day.

Last week on Saturday while commemorating the independence Martyrs Day, Dr Bokundoa-bo-Likabe André, National President of the Church of Christ in the Congo (ECC) made tantalising remarks claiming the ongoing military campaign against foreign militia in Northern Province should be viewed with skepticism.

“Our defense and security forces are fundamentally infiltrated by enemies of the Republic to the point that the sacrifices made by courageous FARDC soldiers appear less in the eyes of the public,” he said.

He said the military campaign in East, in this case those of Beni and Butembo is aimed at instilling a sense of fear and forcing citizens from this part of the country to pave way for foreign occupiers.

“This aims at pushing our populations to relocate from the eastern part of the national territory and, facilitate the balkanization of our Country,” he added.

And according to him, the balkanization plan is very real.

“There is no longer any doubt that many multinationals who gloat behind the illicit exploitation of our natural resources cover and finance our torturers to the point that our pleas and denunciations no longer worry the international community despite the excessive level of crimes against humanity having committed the gravest human rights violations of our era,” said the clergy.

The controversial clergy said the balkanization thesis is being carried more and more by a greater number today, including the Catholic Church and even the army.

Martin Fayulu

Martin Fayulu the former presidential candidate that lost the DRC 2018 elections, says the balkanization plan is an ongoing process and that former President Joseph Kabila had a hand in it.

“We Congolese will not be slaves of a foreign country. Let no one corrupt you. Kabila came to power with a mission, to weaken, to divide the country in order to achieve Balkanization. This is why they precipitated the territorial division. He gave the province of Tanganyika to his brother. The implementation of the Balkanization plan is very advanced, “he said.

According to him, Félix Tshisekedi, who is currently in power, is continuing what he calls the work of Kabila.

The furious Fayulu has also called upon people to demonstrate on January 17.

“2020 is the year of liberation of the country. This is the watchword. We will start with a march on January 17th. All of us will be Lumumba. We will not break anything and we will walk in peace to mourn our dead, all our brothers killed in Yumbi, in central Kongo, in Kasai, in Kivu, etc. “, he added.

The metropolitan archbishop of Kinshasa, Cardinal Fridolin Ambongo Besungu has also added his weight on the Balkanisation claims saying the misery of people in the territories of Beni and Butembo (North Kivu) were a result on an ongoing “balkanization plan” of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) from its eastern facade.

Cardinal Besungu claims “In the current context, it is difficult to go to war against Rwanda and Uganda. We must first structure the army; provide it with the necessary means. If it is not done, it would be a bad thing. ”

“It is regrettable that some compatriots spend their time feasting in Kinshasa, while the risk of balkanization of the country is on the move,” the cardinal said.

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Rwanda Police Chief Briefs 240 Officers Ahead Of S. Sudan Deployment

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The Inspector General of Police (IGP) Dan Munyuza, on Tuesday, March 9, briefed 240 police officers set to be deployed for peacekeeping duties under the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).

The pre-deployment briefing of the hybrid Formed Police Unit-One (FPU-1) contingent was held at the Rwanda National Police (RNP) General Headquarters in Kacyiru.

The contingent commanded by Chief Superintendent of Police (CSP) Faustin Kalimba, will replaced the same number in Malakal, Upper Nile State where they will be largely charged with protection of civilians in internally displaced camps, UN personnel, security of key installations and humanitarian assistance, among others.

IGP Munyuza urged the officers to use their experience and the high level of training acquired to execute their peacekeeping mandate effectively.

He further reminded them that they will work with other peacekeepers from different countries and they will have to exercise respect of diversity.

“Learning will be continuous throughout your tour-of-duty, use your experience to build on what your predecessors achieved, cooperative with other peacekeepers in the mission area and respect the people under your protection as well as their culture,” IGP Munyuza emphasized.

He urged them to keep up the good conduct and protect the image set by previous contingents adding that ” you are representing your country, be at the best of your performance.”

“Your country and Rwanda National Police in particular, have full trust in you, resilience and sacrifice are key. Remember, your conduct and professionalism will depict the image and values of Rwandans, ensure your performance is exceptionally good and maintain the same spirit to the end of your mission,” said IGP Munyuza.

The Police Chief reminded them that Rwandan peacekeepers are defined by their professionalism, discipline, teamwork, integrity, values and alertness, and urged them to keep the momentum to “maintain and protect the image and reputation.”

He emphasized that respecting each other and their superiors in particular, discipline, hard work, teamwork, dignity and respect for diversity are strong guiding values and principles which will help them towards mission excellence.

IGP Munyuza appealed to the officers to maintain the spirit of supporting others and to engage in human security activities with the local people they are mandated to serve.

‘’Participating in human security activities is our culture as Rwandans, you should not only conduct peacekeeping duties just to maintain peace and security. It goes beyond that as our tradition to work towards the overall wellbeing of the people,” IGP Munyuza said.

As the wolrd is still faced with the pandemic of COVID-19, the Police Chief reminded them to always observe all health guidelines including wearing face masks, avoiding shaking hands, washing hands and practicing social distancing, among others.

This will be the sixth rotation of FPU-1 hybrid since the first one was deployed in South Sudan in 2015.

It is also one of the three Rwandan FPU contingents currently deployed in South Sudan.

Currently, RNP maintains over 1000 police peacekeepers in various UN missions, including six contingents serving in UNMISS and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA).

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Chinese Companies Win Tender to Construct Railway From Mwanza to Isaka 

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The Standard Gauge Railway from Mwanza to Isaka in neighbouring Tanzania will be constructed by two Chinese Companies that have won a lucrative tender for this job.

Prof. Palamagamba Kabudi Tanzania’s foreign minister said on Thursday during a presser on the eve of the Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi’s two-day visit to Tanzania.

The Mwanza-Isaka railway stretch will cover a distance of 341 kilometres and construction is estimated to cost TShs3 trillion will be handled by China Civil Engineering Construction (CCEC) and China Railway Construction Company (CRCC).

The Tanzanian government through the Tanzania Railway Corporation (TRC) is constructing a 2,561Km SGR network that links Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Kigoma, Katavi and neighboring countries of Rwanda, Burundi Uganda and DRC.

The over Sh7 trillion project is being implemented in phases with the first round covering 202km between Dar es Salaam and Morogoro, was initially scheduled to be ready by November 2020 but heavy rains disrupted construction works.

Construction of the first and the second phase is being undertaken by Turkish construction company, Yapi Markez.

The first phase will have six main stations at Dar es Salaam, Pugu, Soga, Ruvu, Ngerengere and Morogoro, with the Dar es Salaam and Morogoro stations being the largest.

The second phase which is under implementation involves 422km between Morogoro and Makutupora in Singida with the project set to be completed within 36 months at a cost of $1,924 billion.

The railway is East Africa’s fastest and will use electricity to move trains will travel at 160km per hour and transport 10,000 tonnes of freight which is equivalent to 500 cargo trucks.

Upon completion, the SGR project is expected to payback the investment value after 15 years.

In October 2020, Tanzania government signed $60 million (about Sh138 billion) contract with a South Korean firm to supply trains for the standard gauge railway (SGR).

 

The Citizen

 

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Trump Attacks Election Integrity As Biden Nears 270 Electoral College Votes

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President Donald Trump is testing how far he can go in using the trappings of presidential power to undermine confidence in this week’s election against Joe Biden, as the Democrat contender gained ground in tight contests in some key battleground states.

With his pathway to re-election appearing to shrink, Trump has advanced unsupported accusations of voter fraud to falsely argue that his rival was trying to seize power. Thursday’s moves amounted to an extraordinary effort by a sitting American president to sow doubt about the democratic process.

“This is a case when they are trying to steal an election, they are trying to rig an election,” Trump said from the podium of the White House briefing room.

The president’s remarks deepened a sense of anxiety in the U.S. as Americans enter their third full day after the election without knowing who would serve as president for the next four years.

His statements also prompted a rebuke from some Republicans, particularly those looking to steer the party in a different direction in a post-Trump era.

Electoral college magic number

Neither candidate has reached the 270 Electoral College votes needed to win the White House. But Biden eclipsed Trump in Wisconsin and Michigan, two crucial Midwestern battleground states, and has been inching closer to overtaking the president in Pennsylvania and Georgia, where votes are still being counted. It remains unclear when a national winner will be declared after a long, bitter campaign dominated by the coronavirus and its effects on Americans and the national economy.

On Wednesday, The U.S.set another record for daily confirmed cases as several states posted all-time highs. The pandemic has killed more than 233,000 people in the United States.

Rising tensions

Biden spent Thursday trying to ease tensions and project a more traditional image of presidential leadership. After participating in a coronavirus briefing, he declared that “each ballot must be counted.”

“I ask everyone to stay calm. The process is working,” Biden said. “It is the will of the voters. No one, not anyone else who chooses the president of the United States of America.”

 

Biden’s victories in the upper Midwest put him in a strong position, but Trump showed no sign of giving up. It could take several more days for the vote count to conclude and a clear winner to emerge. With millions of ballots yet to be tabulated, Biden already had received more than 73 million votes, the most in history.

Trump’s erroneous claims about the integrity of the election challenged Republicans now faced with the choice of whether to break with a president who, though his grip on his office grew tenuous, commanded sky-high approval ratings from rank-and-file members of the GOP.

Lawsuits and late mail-in ballots

Trump’s campaign engaged in a flurry of legal activity to try to improve the Republican president’s chances, requesting a recount in Wisconsin and filing lawsuits in Pennsylvania, Michigan and Georgia. Judges in Georgia and Michigan quickly dismissed Trump campaign lawsuits there on Thursday.

Trump has held a small edge in Georgia, though Biden has been gaining on him as votes continue to be counted. The same is true in Pennsylvania, where Trump’s lead had slipped to about 22,000 votes — and the race is destined to get tighter.

One reason is because elections officials were not allowed to process mail-in ballots until Election Day under state law. It’s a form of voting that has skewed heavily in Biden’s favour after Trump spent months claiming without proof that voting by mail would lead to widespread voter fraud.

Mail ballots from across the state were overwhelmingly breaking in Biden’s direction. A final vote total may not be clear for days because the use of mail-in ballots, which take more time to process, has surged as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.

The Trump campaign said it was confident the president would ultimately pull out a victory in Arizona, where votes were also still being counted, including in Maricopa County, the state’s most populous area.

The AP has declared Biden the winner in Arizona and said Thursday that it was monitoring the vote count as it proceeded.

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