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How Russian War Propaganda Affects Ukrainian Soldiers

7 Min Read

A 25-year-old military volunteer in Ukraine, whose call-sign is “Pilot”,has narrated his life on the frontline defending against Russian troops.

Pilot’s role is hugely varied – not only does he train his colleagues in how to shoot down missiles with Stingers, but he’s also responsible for the mental well-being of his colleagues.

“I am a civil aviation pilot by profession. However, even during training, my military accounting specialty (MAS) was defined as piloting military transport aviation. So I wanted to help my country in the sky. Unfortunately, we have certain problems with aviation. Therefore, as the saying goes: “if we cannot fly, we will shoot things down.”

According to him, the effects of Russia’s vast propaganda  is less discussed but it is potentially harmful to members of the Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF).

“Russia releases a lot of fakes to try to destabilize the situation inside the country. Therefore, our task is to identify and refute these fakes. But we must do so differently than in Russia, where they simply say: ‘This is not true, and that’s that.’ We need to explain, in an accessible language, why this or that information is false.

“Our task is also to prevent the spread of these fake stories. In other words, we need to find the chats and information channels on the social networks where such misinformation is being spread. And, accordingly, to report the names of these channels so that people do not consume the information there.

“Also, there is psychological training. For this, almost every department has its own psychologist, who holds conversations with soldiers, makes various kinds of tests to determine their personality. This helps to identify deviant behaviour and prevent violations of military discipline. One of the main tasks is to profile military personnel in such a way that they work as efficiently as possible in their groups.

“And then there is moral and psychological training is patriotic education, the goal of which is to make sure that people do not forget their history and that they understand what they are fighting for. This is usually dedicated to important moments in the country’s history. Meetings are held in the format of communication, and I also prepare presentations. There are also options for attending concerts and watching relevant movies. ”

“And you know, I have never encountered such things before, but now I understand that many people really do not know the well-established facts from Ukrainian history. Of course, this is the result of the Soviet Union, which methodically eradicated our history and identity. Therefore, such classes are interesting, especially when you show people the reality and see their delight in expanding their horizons.”

They still need more and better equipment

As evidenced just this week, in the face of Russian mass missile attacks – particularly hypersonic missiles – the ADF simply cannot defend against all missiles with the equipment it has.

“It’s not right when people say that we are an Air Defense Force, yet we didn’t manage to shoot down a target. Because each unit has its own operational capability, beyond which it cannot go, despite its every desire. So we are effective when there is something we are able to knock out of the sky.

“Honestly, I would very much like our division to have more advanced systems so that we can work more efficiently. For example, the SAMP/T system or the German Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery system.”

Shooting down a Russian missile is not easy 

Ukraine’s air defenses have vastly improved since the early days of Russia’s full-scale invasion and Kyiv’s allies are continuing to pledge and provide more advanced systems such as PATRIOT.

Yet some of the work is still relatively low-tech – a group of soldiers armed with shoulder launched missiles, trekking to where they think a Russian rocket will fly over.

“Before a certain object flies over Ukraine, the radar stations detect it. Therefore, we can understand the trajectory of this object, where it is flying to, and where it can be intercepted.

“Our task is to track the target and intercept it where our operational range allows it. There are units that are directly engaged in intercepting these aerial objects. But the difficulty is that we do not have large hardware like the S-300, ST-68, which have a different level of detection and greater efficiency.

“Our units intercept air targets with Stinger man-portable air defense systems. In other words, we calculate where we need to take a position in order to successfully complete the task. There are also separate positions where our military personnel are constantly located and always on the lookout.

“However, the human factor also plays an important role. That is, a given person might make a launch or not, or it might be difficult for him, and so on. Therefore, it is my task to prepare people to successfully launch and destroy the target.

“Another challenge is visually identifying the target on the spot. After all, you can understand approximately what area the target is located in, but you still need to establish visual contact. And here weather conditions play a role, as well as the features of each person’s vision.”

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