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First Black US Defense Secretary Starts Working

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Lloyd J. Austin III was swiftly sworn in as secretary of defense Friday, filling a senior national security position in President Joe Biden’s Cabinet, one briefly threatened by unease among lawmakers to again put a recently retired general in charge of the Pentagon.

Austin, the first Black defense secretary in the nation’s history, faces numerous global and domestic threats at once, including racism in the armed forces, a persistent menace he encountered over his decadeslong Army career, and one that secretaries before him have failed to treat as an overarching threat to their mission.

Many of those arrested after a riot at the Capitol on Jan. 6 have current or previous ties to the military. Just hours after Austin was confirmed, the White House announced that the administration would conduct a “comprehensive threat assessment” of domestic extremism across various national security agencies.

“There has been some awareness on this problem in the military ranks,” said Nora Bensahel, a visiting professor of strategic studies at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. “But Jan. 6 exposed how deep it may be. It is a key issue that any new secretary would face, but he has a unique perspective on where those issues are.”

Austin, 67, was the only African American to have led the U.S. Central Command, the military’s marquee combat command, with responsibility for Iraq, Afghanistan, Yemen and Syria.

His most immediate agenda will include issues that have vexed administrations for a generation, and some newly on the rise. It includes an increasingly muscular China, an aggressive Russia, the protracted conflict in Afghanistan and a vague and looming threat of Iran made evident at the end of the Trump administration.

There is also the pandemic, and Austin has vowed to tackle the problems of sexual harassment and assault in the military, which Congress and the Pentagon have done little to quell, all at a time of potentially shrinking resources.

Well known in the national security community as reserved with the news media, Austin barely acknowledged reporters who awaited him as he arrived at the Pentagon around noon Friday, shortly after the Senate voted 93-2 to confirm him.

In a message to the force, Austin suggested both continuity of mission while hinting at policy and tonal shifts to come.

“My job as secretary of defense is to make you more effective at doing yours,” he wrote. “That means ensuring you have the tools, technology, weapons and training to deter and defeat our enemies. It means establishing sound policy and strategy and assigning you clear missions. It means putting a premium on cooperation with our allies and partners. And it means living up to our core values, the same ones our fellow citizens expect of us.”

He added, “Right now, of course, doing my job also means helping our country get control of the pandemic, which has killed more than 400,000 Americans.”

Austin was sworn in administratively by Thomas M. Muir, the acting director of Washington Headquarters Services. (A formal swearing-in will be administered Monday by Vice President Kamala Harris.)

He met with David Norquist, the deputy defense secretary who has been the acting Pentagon chief since the inauguration, and Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other senior officials. He spoke by phone with Jens Stoltenberg, the secretary-general of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, as well as with Biden, who called to congratulate him.

The topics of his first meetings, tellingly, concerned the coronavirus and operational briefings about China and the Middle East, two areas of central concern to the incoming administration.

The day unfolded after Congress granted Austin, a retired four-star Army general, a special waiver to hold the post, which is required for any defense secretary who has been out of active-duty military service for fewer than seven years.

He retired in 2016 after 41 years in the military. The vote reflected a bipartisan consensus on Capitol Hill that it was urgent for Biden to have his Pentagon pick installed, a step normally taken on a new president’s first day.

Lawmakers in both parties initially were uneasy at the prospect of granting Austin a waiver, citing concerns over maintaining civilian control of the military. They had already approved a waiver four years ago for Jim Mattis, President Donald Trump’s first defense secretary and a retired four-star Marine officer, and many had vowed then not to do so again.

Civilian control of the military, a political cornerstone of the department since its inception, was strained during the Trump administration with a commander in chief who sought to politicize its role until the very end of his term.

In anticipating the resistance to Austin and to adjust perceptions about civilian control, the new administration has taken the unusual step of putting a number of political appointees in place before others who require Senate confirmation even get a hearing. Biden has chosen Kathleen Hicks, a Pentagon official under President Barack Obama, to serve in the No. 2 slot, the first woman who would hold that position if confirmed.

“It is clearly a signal that the Biden administration wants the Pentagon to be ready on day one,” Bensahel said, “and that they want to have as many civilians in place as soon as possible.” The Trump administration left many political slots unfilled for weeks after inauguration.

Facing pressure from Biden’s transition team and top Democrats, the majority of lawmakers brushed aside their concerns and threw their support behind a barrier-shattering nominee. The vote was the first time since President George H.W. Bush that an incoming president has not had a defense secretary installed at the Pentagon on the first day, a distinction that Democratic leaders were acutely aware of as they rushed to tamp down resistance to his confirmation.

“We applaud the Senate’s strong bipartisan confirmation of Lloyd Austin, who has been breaking barriers all of his life, as the first Black secretary of defense in our nation’s history,” said Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary. “Secretary Austin’s confirmation is a major benefit to our national security, and he’s going to hit the ground running leading the Pentagon.”

Even though 43% of the 1.3 million men and women on active duty in the United States are people of color, the leaders at the top of the military’s chain of command have remained remarkably white and male. When Obama selected Austin, then a general, to lead Central Command, he became one of the highest-ranked Black men in the military, second only to Colin Powell, who had been chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

“It’s an extraordinary, historic moment,” said Sen. Jack Reed, D-R.I., the incoming chairman of the Armed Services Committee. “A significant portion of our armed forces today are African Americans or Latinos, and now they can see themselves at the very top of the Department of Defense, which makes real the notion of opportunity.”

NYTimes

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Politics

Bahati Lukwebo Elected President of DRC Senate

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The Senate of Democratic Republic of Congo has a newly elected President, Senator Modeste Bahati Lukwebo.

Senator Modeste Bahati Lukwebo won the vote on Tuesday March 02 with an overwhelming majority.

Of the 99 voting Senators, 89 voted for the AFDC-A Political Grouping.

Acoording to political analysts inside DRC, this vote result does not come as a suprise since majority of Senators have joined the Sacred Union advocated by President Felix Tshisekedi.

Modeste Bahati Lukwebo succeeds Alexis Thambwe Mwamba who was recently forced to resign with part of his office.

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East-Africa

President Uhuru Takes Over EAC Chairmanship

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President Uhuru Kenyatta of the Republic of Kenya has taken over the Chairmanship of East African Community (EAC)  bloc.

“Thank you for showing confidence, faith and trust in me. I promise to do all I can to take our region to greater heights,” Uhuru said on Saturday.

The Kenyan President assured that he will spare no effort towards the realization of the shared aspirations that gave rebirth to the community 20 years ago.

Uhuru spoke when he addressed the 21st Ordinary Summit of the EAC Heads of State held virtually due to Covid-19 after taking over the chairmanship from Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame.

He hailed the late former Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi and the late former President Benjamin Mkapa of Tanzania, acknowledging the role they played together with President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda in the rebirth of EAC 20 years ago.

President Uhuru outlined his vision for the bloc, saying he will focus on strengthening of partnerships to enhance intra-EAC connectivity and ensuring sustainable implementation of projects and programs in productive sectors.

He emphasized the need for partner states to harmonize their commitment on free movement of people, workers and services as envisaged in the region’s common market protocol.

President Kenyatta announced Kenya’s decision to remove visa requirement for South Sudanese nationals visiting the country as an act of reciprocity.

President Kagame congratulated President Kenyatta on his assumption of the chairmanship of the EAC and welcomed Dr Mathuki as the new EAC Secretary General.

The East African Community bloc is composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

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Politics

Equatorial Guinea First Lady Propping Son For Takeover

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Reports from the capital Malabo indicate there is an extremely unstoppable maneuver by the country’s First lady in her attempt to place her son at the helm of the country.

First lady and businesswoman Constancia Mangue Nsue Okomo has woven her web in politics to the point of holding the reins of a country at the head of which she intends to place her son Teodorín.

A cunning Businesswoman nicknamed “Zé”, the “Panther” holds shares in many construction companies, real estate or extraction of raw materials, she has, over the years, been able to promote her relatives to key positions in the Palace Presidential to Justice via Defense.

Here is a cobweb of influence set up by this First Lady or refered to as the “Primera Dama” in Spanish . This cobweb has one main objective- to catapult the first son Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue to the highest seat of power in this mysterious country.

President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo and First Lady Constancia Mangue Nsue Okomo

The Director of Protocol to the Head of State is the brother of the First Lady. Master of ceremonies of the palace and of talks granted by the president, he lets Constancia Obiang know everything about the head of state’s agenda, over which she actually keeps control.

His daughter, Candy, is the wife of Antonio Oburu Ondo, Managing Director of GePetrol, Equatorial Guinea’s national oil company (previously run by Candido Nsue Okomo, another brother of Constancia Mangue Nsue Okomo).

Victoriano Bibang Nsue Okomo

This is also a brother of the First Lady. Deputy Minister of Defense (a position previously held by a cousin of Constancia Mangue Nsue Okomo, Vicente Eya Olomo), he provides her with a link in the country’s armed forces, in which the Obiang family is a fortiori omnipresent.

General and shadow technocrat, “Efa Mba” as he is known, holds the army with an iron fist on behalf of his nephew, Teodorín.

Juan Olo Mba Nseng

Minister Delegate for Justice, Worship and Penitentiary Institutions, he is the uncle of Constancia Mangue Nsue Okomo. A pillar of the government, he manages on behalf of the president the aspect of ill-gotten gains before the International Court of Justice in The Hague and was also his representative in the standoff between the company Orange and Malabo until 2018. Juan Olo Mba Nseng is one of the directors of Apegesa, an investment company very involved in the management of the Obiang’s fortune.

Jeronimo Osa Osa Ekoro

Secretary General of the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE, in power). In office since 2013, this former Minister of Information is very much involved in the media, a strategic sector.

Familiar with the First Lady, he is also a friend of Teodorín, for whom he holds the reins of the party. He has so far looked out for the interests of the “Panther” and his son, especially when feuds erupted between supporters of the latter and those of Teodorín’s half-brother, Gabriel Mbega Obiang Lima.

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