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Feature: China-Tanzania Agricultural Cooperation Lifts Farmers Out Of Poverty




Fikiri Kisairo, a farmer in Kitete village in Kilosa district of Morogoro region, walks with pride when he attends to his thriving maize crop.
“My days of spending sleepless nights thinking how I can raise fees for my two school going children are gone,” says Kisairo, a beneficiary of the China-Tanzania agricultural cooperation that has lasted for 10 years, lifting hundreds of Tanzanian farmers out of poverty.
Kisairo joined a maize project in 2019 overseen by China Agricultural University in collaboration with Tanzania’s Sokoine University of Agriculture in a number of villages in Morogoro region to reduce poverty among villagers. The farmer, who on Tuesday was among participants in a forum on Achievements of China-Tanzania Agricultural Cooperation: Small Technology, Big Harvest project, said he joined the maize project after he had fulfilled conditions of a demonstration farmer and participated in the project for three years.
“The increased maize yields enabled me to pull myself out of the poverty trap as now I have enough food and I sell the surplus of maize to boost my income,” he told the forum in Morogoro region, about 200 kilometers west of the commercial capital of Dar es Salaam.
Kisairo, with a family of five members, boasted that he now manages to pay school fees for his two children, and he has built a deep water hole which he is using to irrigate his vegetable garden of about 1.21 hectares throughout the year, including dry seasons.
Martine Shigela, the Morogoro regional commissioner, told the forum that with the help of the regional authorities in collaboration with the China Agricultural University, farmers engaged in the project increased maize production, and 1,667 demonstration farmers cultivated at least one acre (about 0.4 hectares) of maize each.
The forum also witnessed the launch of a new project known as “The improvement of soybeans value chain in Morogoro region” which will be implemented by the China Agricultural University from 2021 to 2022.
“This is the continuation of established cooperation between Morogoro regional government and the government of the People’s Republic of China,” said Shigela.
As a pilot project, 200 demonstration farmers in four villages will be engaged and trained in production, processing and marketing of soybeans and soybean products like soybean milk and soybean flour, said Shigela. “This project aims at improving the health status of the villagers as well as increase their income.”
Soybean consumption is among the major interventions to address malnutrition by promoting soybean production and introducing soybean value addition and utilization to the community’s nutritional needs.
Xu Chen, the minister counselor in the Chinese Embassy in Tanzania, said in terms of cooperation in agriculture, China and Tanzania are good partners.
He said the maize project not only scales up the production of maize, but also improves the living conditions of many local farmers by sharing Chinese investment in Tanzania’s agricultural sector, adding that more and more Tanzanian agricultural products are entering the Chinese market.
 As one of the agricultural bases in Tanzania, Morogoro region takes the lead in China-Tanzania agricultural cooperation, according to Xu. Denis Nkala, the regional coordinator for Asia and the Pacific of the UN Office of South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC), said one concrete example of China-Africa cooperation for resilience and food security, following a demand-driven and multi-stakeholder approach, is the Small Technology, Big Harvest project, implemented by China Agricultural University in Tanzania.
 “Through sharing good cultivation practices, the project aims to triple corn production, increase farmers’ incomes, ultimately contributing to poverty reduction, food security and achievement of Sustainable Development Goals in Tanzania,” said Nkala.
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Uganda Airforce strikes ADF Bases in DRC



Allied Democratic Front ADF rebels have suffered aerial bombardment and artillery fire power from Uganda and Congolese forces, local media in DRC said.

“This morning, we launched joint air and artillery strikes against ADF camps with our Congolese allies,” the Ugandan army said.

 However, Patrick Muyaya the Congolese Government spokesman has denied presence of Ugandan troops on DRC territory. “the Ugandan army is not on Congolese soil.”

 Yet the spokesperson of the Ugandan army said Tuesday, November 30 that the armed forces of their country have launched military air operations jointly with the FARDC. He specifies that the two forces “launched air strikes” against the positions of the ADF.

 This intervention comes after President Félix Tshisekedi “granted” the Ugandan army authorization to enter the territory of the DRC to “fight against armed groups, in particular the Ugandan rebels of the ADF”.

 President Tshisekedi is dedicated to restoring order and peace in troubled Eastern region of DRC that has for decades suffered attacks from foreign rebel groups.

 To achieve this objective, Patrick Muyaya warns that “it is within this framework that we work on a regular basis, with the Armies of neighboring countries. we exchange intelligence information on a regular basis.”

 “Today we all face the same threat called Allied Democratic Forces (Adf). You have seen that on November 16, they struck in the middle of Kampala (Ugandan capital) and they strike regularly in the DRC ”, he concludes.

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East African Crude Oil Pipeline Activities Complete-Museveni



President Samia Suluhu Hassan of Tanzania and President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda are currently in the Daresalaam for an Oil and Gas Symposium at the Julius Nyerere International Convention Centre.

The symposium which off on Saturday has drawn hundreds of delegates while others are attending virtually owing to covid-19 prevention measures.

On the agenda are discussions on the ongoing activities on the East African Crude Oil Pipeline, as well as other oil and gas projects.

There will also be an emphasis on pushing national participation and promoting local content as a channel to economic development in the two countries.

According to details the construction of this Crude Oil Pipeline will cost U$600million.

“The East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) project is a good durable business,  it will create jobs for a lot of sectors,” President Museveni said during his presentation.

“I am happy to tell Tanzanians, Ugandans, and the world that the activities on the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) are complete,” Museveni said.

According to details the construction phase is expected to generate 14,000 directs jobs, 45,000 indirect jobs by the contractors, and induced employment of another 105,000 people as a result of utilization of other services by the oil and gas sector

Production is expected to reach a plateau of 230,000 barrels per day. That’s higher than the output of Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, two of Africa’s OPEC members.

In April, President Samia and President Museveni signed the pipeline deal which both leaders described as victory for the two countries.

Partners will develop the Tilenga and Kingfisher discoveries near Lake Albert in Uganda.

The Ugandan pipeline section covers 296km. This pipeline will transport Uganda’s waxy crude for export at the port of Tanga in Tanzania.

The Tanzanian pipeline section from the border town of Mutukula to Chongoleani terminal in Tanga at the Indian Ocean is 1,443km.

The shareholding structure, as detailed in the Shareholders Agreement, which defines the rights and responsibilities of the shareholders in the pipeline company is; Uganda through Unoc with 15%, Total Holdings International B.V. with 62%, Tanzania through its national oil company, TPDC, with 15%, and Cnooc with 8%.

East Africa Oil Pipeline Construction Date Still Unknown

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EALA Legislators Vote To Amend Election Act



The period of electing members of the East African Legislative assembly may be extended from the current 90 days to six months.

MPs of the East African Legislative assembly have overwhelmingly supported a motion that seeks to amend the EALA election act to extend the period in which elections should be conducted.

They want the election to be conducted within six months instead of three.

The MPs say the amendment will allow the National parliament more time to prepare for the election before the expiry of the term.

Tanzania’s representative Adam Kimbisa and Fancy Nkuhi moved the motion.

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