Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has launched a new project called “Reducing climate vulnerabilities of the agriculture sector: Baselines and informed priority actions“.
The project will be implemented in three countries; Burundi, Djibouti and Rwanda.
It will produce climate-relevant baseline information and the identification of priority actions in selected countries.
The results of the project will be key to leveraging investments to address barriers that sustain repeatedly high agriculture-related impacts of climatic variability and change.
The project comes at a time when the Eastern Africa region has experienced several climate-induced shocks.
The average number of people affected by droughts has been multiplied seven folds from the 1981 baseline to the 2011 records, reaching a total of 157 million people affected between 1971 and 2015 across Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda.
Floods and landslides due to intense rainfall are the other major natural hazards, having affected more than 14 million people between 1971 and 2015.
Such high impacts are mostly amplified by factors such as inadequate agricultural practices, pressure on natural resources and subsequent environmental degradation, inadequate investments for infrastructure and technology development; and the climate vulnerability of rainfed agriculture, which sustains livelihoods of over 60% of the population.