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Country’s May Go To War Over Dispute On Climate Change- Report

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Global political orientation after 2030 is expected to significantly be affected by debate over climate change and related disputes.

Findings contained in a new ‘Report on The Impact Of Climate Change’ by White House has indicated After 2030, key countries will face growing risks of instability and need for humanitarian assistance.

The document makes three key judgments. Global tensions will rise as countries argue about how to accelerate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions; climate change will exacerbate cross-border flash points and amplify strategic competition in the Arctic; and the effects of climate change will be felt most acutely in developing countries that are least equipped to adapt.

The report, the first such document to look exclusively at the issue of climate, said that risks to American national security will grow in the years to come.

Relationship between Climate Change, Migration, and Conflict 

Extreme weather events and conflict are the top two drivers of forced displacement globally, together responsible for the annual movement of nearly 30 million people from their homes.

There is a strong correlation between countries and regions most vulnerable to climate change and those that are fragile and/or experiencing conflict or violence.

Climate-related impacts may further stress vulnerable communities, increasing the risk of conflict and displacement in the absence of effective prevention efforts, and vice versa.

Climate-related impacts also pose an increased risk to marginalized communities displaced by conflict related to the impacts of climate change.

This risk is more acute in regions with weak governance and dispute resolution infrastructure, and in growing peri-urban areas where many migrants are heading.

Climate change can cause or exacerbate resource scarcity, which may drive conflict directly as well as induce migration of populations in vulnerable situations attempting to secure safety or livelihoods elsewhere.

Moreover, changes to biodiversity have strong intersections with climate change that also can affect migration, and threaten food and economic security.

The subsequent movement of large numbers of people, by force or by choice, brings new groups into contact with one another, potentially shifting power balances, causing further resource scarcity, or igniting tensions between previously separated groups.

Where climate-related migrations occur within or near population centers, or in locations important for political or economic stability, such as within many nations’ coastal zones, the destabilizing forces associated with climate change may result in outsized affects overall.

Climate-related migration may induce political instability in several ways. Large migration flows are frequently framed as a threat to both domestic and international stability and social cohesion.

Inadequate policy frameworks to manage large migration flows may exacerbate resource inequalities, stress public budgets, and contribute to xenophobia that increases political tensions.

Anti-immigration political actors may seize on both real and perceived challenges of uncontrolled or large migration flows to improve political standing, inflaming existing tensions and undermining efforts to appropriately respond to acute migration or refugee crises, such as those caused by the Syrian civil war.

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Politics

Police Blockades South Kivu Provincial Assembly

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The Congolese National Police is reportedly surrounding the South Kivu Provincial Assembly ahead of vote for censure against Governor Ngwabidje.

A motion was recently tabled before the assembly seeking to censure governor Ngwabidje and his government for mismanagement and incompetence.

The motion initiated by 12 deputies is scheduled for examination Thursday, December 02, 2021.

However, the President of the Provincial assembly Zacharie Lwamira has denounced the troops deployment saying this is tantamount to violation of the laws. The president of the Assembly warned against anyone who dares to prevent his institution from doing its constitutional work.

“I denounce for the benefit of provincial and national opinion, the situation which has prevailed in the Provincial Assembly since the transmission of the motion of censure against the provincial government of South Kivu. A large number of police officers besieged the provincial assembly in my area without my requesting it, ”he said during a press briefing held on Tuesday, November 30, 2021 in Bukavu.

Zacharie Lwamira also said that his bodyguard was withdrawn, and this, with violence without any information.

He informs that the security situation of all the provincial deputies of South Kivu is worrying following this situation and calls for the involvement of the national authorities.

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Politics

EAC Minister Call For ‘Readiness’ After Kampala Bombings

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East African Council of Ministers has called for the readiness of the possibility of more terrorist attacks in the region after the bombings of Kampala last week.

The Council of Ministers raised this concern at the Extra-Ordinary Council of Ministers meeting held in Arusha.

Ezekiel Niyibigira, the Burundian Foreign Affairs Minister in EAC said there are many possibilities of similar attacks in the region.

“Yesterday it happened in Uganda but tomorrow it may happen in another country as it happened in countries of our community like Kenya,” he said

Niyibigira called for improved relations among member countries to foster peace and security in the region.

“Burundi made an effort to help Rwanda when terrorists who were preparing to attack Rwanda arrested and they handed over to Rwanda two times and Rwanda handed over terrorists who attacked Burundi. This is very good progress we are making,”

Earlier this month Rwanda handed 19 armed terrorists to Burundi who had last conducted an attack in Burundi and fled to neighboring Rwanda.

George Odongo, the Ugandan lawmaker said the move of exchanging terrorists between two countries is a move of improved relations that need to be maintained.

He lauded that the building of relations is not a luxury but an important part as to why East African member countries integrated. We should guide ourselves in the direction of normalizing our relations between EAC countries because we can’t sit here and remain silent. It is not normal; it is wrong”

Last month, there were suspects that was targeting to detonate explosives in public spaces. Some of these suspects were allegedly found in possession of bomb-making equipment, including wires, nails and dynamite sticks and phones.

Some of the arrested suspects according to the crisis group, stated that the plotters were looking to punish Rwanda for its military intervention in Cabo Delgado, where its troops deployed in March in support of government efforts to stem the al-Shabab insurrection.

The Ugandan attack also comes after almost all EAC countries have either been attacked or got threats of attack.

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Politics

Burundi Targets Middle-income Status by 2040

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President Evariste Ndayishimiye is mobilising all Burundians both home and abroad to pool their skills and resources and develop Burundi.

Last week his government organized from November 18 to 19, 2021 a national forum on development, 1st edition.

“Together everything is possible,” President Ndayishimiye in his opening remarks at the forum convened at the Kigobe hemicycle in the town hall of Bujumbura.

According to him, it is possible, there are no thorns under our feet that prevent us from walking towards effective and inclusive development.

He deplored the unusual behaviour which encourages laziness, in particular the “benefactors and the commissioners”.

These kinds of behaviours prevent citizens from working and cause them to develop dependency. He underlined that the commissionaires are the vectors of underdevelopment. He also indicated that the flight of capital and brains remains one of the factors that handicap Burundi’s economic growth.

However, Ndayishimiye said that despite the challenges related to the instability of the macroeconomic framework, business opportunities abound in Burundi.

He cited the untapped sectors including industry, ecotourism, vocational education, social housing, logistics, health care, energy and ICTs etc.

For this 1st edition, 8 themes were on the agenda including rural development and food self-sufficiency, the macroeconomic framework for stability and sustained economic recovery, strengthening of human capital, development of the private sector, digitization. to stimulate development, the effectiveness of development aid, etc.

Among the other urgent recommendations resulting from this forum were the issue of foreign exchange, speed in monitoring the management and implementation of projects financed by technical and financial partners.

The other recommendation comes within the framework of monitoring and tracing export earnings and the use of foreign exchange granted to finance imports.

In the public finance sector, it is recommended to monitor the mechanisms for granting and monitoring exemptions and monitoring the execution of the public budget. Digitizing the system for collecting, processing and sharing information, and setting up consultation frameworks are also recommended for greater transparency.

The objective of this forum was to mobilize all the skills of Burundians living in Burundi and abroad to give their contributions to the various reflections and actions aimed at making Burundi an emerging country by 2040.

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