Taarifa Rwanda

If You Were To Visit China, Put This Magnificent City On Your List

Ningxia officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region(NHAR), is an autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China located in the northwest part of the country.

Formerly a province, Ningxia was incorporated into Gansu in 1954 but was separated from Gansu in 1958 and was reconstituted as an autonomous region for the Hui people, one of the 56 officially recognised nationalities of China.

Twenty percent of China’s Hui population lives in Ningxia.

Find it on the map in northwest China and into the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River.

It is bordered by Gansu to the south, Shaanxi to the east, and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the north, and is one of the five ethnic minority autonomous regions in China.

It has a temperate continental climate of long, cold winters and short, hot summers with the temperature being lowest in January, averaging from -10C to -7C and highest in July, averaging from 17C to 24C. Annual rainfall averages from 190 – 700 millimeters.


Ningxia, a region as culturally rich as the entire area south of the Yangtze River, continues to be admired for its resplendent cultural heritage garnered from the long river of history. During the time of the Tang and Han Dynasties (206 BC – 907 AD) Ningxia was the main place for trade and transportation between the eastern and western regions of ancient China. Ruins of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty can be found in its east region.

Yinchuan City Center

What to see

A unique landscape, unique local customs and habits, and ancient history, all add up to make Ningxia an interesting tourist area for those wishing to discover a rich and diverse region.

Yinchuan City (also called ‘Phoenix City’) is the capital of the region situated in the remote northwest of China.

The 1000-year-old city is a famous cultural city beyond the Great Wall.

The old sector of Yinchuan City to the west is green and peaceful, and contains all the places of interest.

It includes the 1500-year-old Haibao Pagoda; the famous Buddhist architecture from the West Xia Kingdom Chengtiansi Pagoda; and the West Xia Imperial Tombs known as the ‘Pyramids of China’.

One can also find there the mystic Helan Mountain Rock Painting, created by the ancient nomads who dwelled in the regions of the Helan Mountains in northwest Ningxia.

They used a bold and descriptive chiseling and drawing technique, to which they added dazzling colors, to depict the history of a splendid Chinese civilization.

West Xia Imperial Tombs
Camel riding in desert, Yinchuan

Liupan Mountain is located in south Ningxia.

This is an area famous for its picturesque scenery and it certainly lives up to its reputation as the ‘green islet’.

Sand Lake Scenic Resort is the national tourist trump card for those looking for a place with a lake, sand dunes, reeds, birds and fish.

During the May-September period, the lake becomes a veritable paradise for a dozen or so varieties of precious bird species, such as swans, white and grey cranes, black storks, and wild geese.

Shapotou on the southern rim of the Tengger Desert: There one will find the Desert Research Centre, established in 1956 to find ways of preventing the sands from encroaching onto the railways, and one of China’s four singing sand dunes.

Sliding down the sand dune gives one the ethereal feeling of descending from the sky.

The peculiar geological structure of the place causes the sand to emit a resonance that reverberates like the tolling of a huge bell or the beating of a big drum.

Limpid water flows gently in a knee-deep stream at the foot of the dune.

Ningxia is the home of Chinese Muslems.

When you go, please be respectful of the unique local customs and habits of the Hui people.

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Staff Writer