Rwandan President Paul Kagame is taking part in a high level round table discussion on the ‘State Fragility, Growth and Development’ chaired by former UK Prime Minister David Cameron.
The Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development will release its final report this month with a series of events in Washington D.C. and London.
According to this commission, around the world, 65 million people have fled their homes, becoming either internally displaced or refugees – the highest number since 1945.
This is not due to one particular crisis, but reflects a widespread and persistent phenomenon: many states are fragile, and periodically some melt down into violent disorder.
The share of the extreme poor in fragile and conflict-affected areas could rise to as much as 60 percent.
Previously considered to be a phenomenon of low-income countries, fragility now afflicts middle- and even high-income countries, such as those in the Middle East.
Given these countries’ greater integration with the global economy, the spillovers from conflict and violence to the rest of the world are more intense and widespread.
The purpose of the roundtable is to bring together three major global actors on state fragility – the Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development; the IMF; and the WBG – to share their ongoing work and perspectives on how to tackle fragility and conflict.
“We can’t tackle global poverty or, indeed, improve our own security at home, unless we address the challenges caused by state fragility. The Commission aims to generate innovative ideas to help tackle state fragility and state failure,”Cameron said.
Speakers lined up include; Kristalina Georgieva CEO, World Bank, Donald Kaberuka High Representative, African Union Peace Fund, Tao Zhang Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund and Paul Collier Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Oxford University.
The discussions are moderated by Gayle Tzemach Lemmon Author and Journalist.
Meanwhile on Thursday Cameron and Donald Kaberuka, High Representative on the African Union Peace Fund will discuss the need for a new global approach to state fragility.
Both will be launching the Commission’s report Escaping the Fragility Trap, which makes the case for urgent action and outlines recommendations for how domestic and international actors can do things differently.
A second panel discussion will delve deeper into the challenges of economic policy management in fragile and conflict affected states with Sir Paul Collier, Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government and Academic Director of the Fragility Commission, Charles Collyns, Director of the IMF’s Independent Evaluation Office (IEO), and Amat Al Alim Alsoswa, former Minister in Yemen and former UN Assistant Secretary General.